Modeling with Hyperplans.
Semantics as Model-Based Science.
2018. In B. Rabern and D. Ball, The Science of Meaning. Oxford University Press, 334-360. (31 pages)
Expressivism by Force.
2018. In D. Fogal, D. Harris and M. Moss (eds.) New Work on Speech Acts. Oxford University Press, 400-429. (39 pages)
Belief as Question-Sensitive.
2018. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. XCVII (1): 23-47. Online first version appeared in 2016. (25 pages)
Modalities of Normality.
2016. In N. Charlow and M. Chrisman (eds.) Deontic Modality. Oxford University Press, 230-55. (25 pages)
Epistemic Modality De Re.
2015. Ergo 2 (19): 475-527. (54 pages)
Quantifying In from a Fregean Perspective.
2015. Philosophical Review 124 (2): 207-53. (47 pages) N.B.: I am not a Fregean.
2015. Analysis 75 (2): 185-191. (7 pages)
Semantics and Metasemantics in the Context of Generative Grammar.
2014. In A. Burgess and B. Sherman (eds.) Metasemantics. Oxford University Press, 17-54. (38 pages)
2012. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, CXII (2): 123-60. (38 pages)
2012. Proceedings of the 18th Amsterdam Colloquium: 12-21. (10 pages)
A Counterexample to Modus Tollens.
2012. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (6): 1001-24. (24 pages)
Nonfactualism about Epistemic Modality.
2011. In A. Egan and B. Weatherson (eds.) Epistemic Modality. Oxford University Press, 295-332. (38 pages)
2010. Philosophy Compass 5 (11): 916-37. (22 pages)
2007. Mind 116 (464): 983–1026. (44 pages)
replies, reviews, overviews, notes, miscellany
Comments on Moss.
2014. Slides for the Rutgers Semantics Workshop, on Sarah Moss's 'On the semantics and pragmatics of epistemic vocabulary'. (19 pages)
Introductory Notes on Dynamic Semantics.
2012/2013. Updated version of a paper that appeared in G. Russell and D. Fara (eds.) Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language. This paper contains a fairly detailed introduction to Heim’s file change semantics. (40 pages)
Stanley on the De Se.
2012. Read at an author-meets-critics session on Jason Stanley’s book Know How, Pacific APA. (10 pages)
Comments on Mark Schroeder, Being For.
2012. Read at an author-meets-critics session, Central APA. (13 pages)
Meaning in a Disoriented World.
2010. Course notes on orientational language, co-authored with Geoffrey Lee. (30 pages)
More on Epistemic Modals.
2009. Mind 118, 471: 785-793. (9 pages)
The Language of Probability.
2009. Notes for a talk to Berkeley linguistics. (16 pages)
More on the Language of Probability.
2009. NYU graduate seminar notes exploring the application of some ideas from the gradable adjectives literature to gradable epistemic modals. (7 pages)
Modality and Inquiry.
2008. MIT PhD dissertation. Most of the first chapter was published as ‘Epistemic Modals’ (2007). Most of the second chapter went into ’Nonfactualism about Epistemic Modality’ (2011). Versions of the third chapter were circulated for a while under the title 'Figure and Ground in Logical Space'. This material was eventually published as 'Belief as Question-Sensitive' (2016).
Notes for a talk to Amherst Linguistics.
2006. Inter alia these notes discuss some ideas about gradable epistemic modality. (16 pages)
Comments on MacFarlane.
2006. Read at the Michigan Philosophy and Linguistics Workshop. This discusses a 2006 draft of MacFarlane’s 2011 paper ‘Epistemic modalities are assessment-sensitive’. (11 pages)
2005. MITWPL 51. (42 pages)
New Work on Modality.
2005. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics, volume 51. (Co-edited with J. Gajewski, V. Hacquard, and B. Nickel.)
Of Metaphors and Darwinism: Deconstructing Genetic Programming’s Chimera. (with J. Daida, P. Litvak, G. Eickhoff, and J. Polito.)
1999. Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation.